Middle East studies in the News
Columbia's Slippery Boycotters
by Martin Kramer
In a post in late August, I asked whether Columbia University's federally-funded Middle East Institute was boycotting Israeli institutions of higher education. Why? Its director, anthropologist Lila Abu-Lughod, has signed a pledge by some Middle East studies academics "not to collaborate on projects and events involving Israeli academic institutions." Did that personal pledge extend to the Middle East Institute, a Title VI National Research Center under her direction?
I posed the question to David Stone, executive vice-president for communications at Columbia, and received this reply from him:
Alan Luxenberg, president of the Foreign Policy Research Institute, posed the same question directly to Abu-Lughod, and received this reply:
I'm not surprised (or persuaded) by these answers. I think it's telling that Abu-Lughod has not issued a public statement of her position, which might be deemed an unacceptable compromise by the BDS (boycott, divestment, and sanctions) cult. After all, if you really believe that Israel is South Africa (or worse), why not demonstrably abjure any administrative role in academe that compels you to treat it equally? What's the worth of a boycott if it doesn't mean sacrificing your access to something to advance a cause—whether it's a home soda maker or the coveted directorship of a Middle East center?
But that's neither here nor there. The taxpaying public has the right to expect that every signatory of the boycott pledge who runs a Title VI National Research Center issue an assurance that the boycott doesn't apply during working hours. And the public has the right to expect an equal assurance from a university's higher administration. Anything less than that should be automatically suspect, because it's the bare minimum, and because it's obvious that even these assurances don't mean that there isn't a stealth boycott underway.
A Title VI federally-funded National Research Center is committed by law to making sure that its programming will reflect "diverse perspectives and a wide range of views and generate debate on world regions." Unfortunately, the U.S. Department of Education, which administers the program, has failed even to define what this means. Consider this test case. On September 19, Columbia's Middle East Institute co-sponsored (with the university's Center for Palestine Studies) a panel entitled "The War on Gaza: Military Strategy and Historical Horizons." (Notice the title, as though there wasn't a war on Israel too.) It included three Palestinian-American boycotters: Columbia professor Rashid Khalidi, Barnard professor Nadia Abu El-Haj, and legal activist Noura Erakat. And that's it. Read the live tweets from the session, and judge the tenor of the proceedings yourself. Did this event offer "diverse perspectives and a wide range of views," and was it structured to "generate debate"? No. So just what must the Middle East Institute do now to assure that it meets its obligation?
My own view is that there's nothing that a bureaucrat in Washington can do to assure that it does. No Department of Education official is going to detect a stealth boycott or do any serious follow-up on whether taxpayer dollars are going to political activists in academic guise. That means that the reform of Title VI, a creaking holdover from the Cold War, is impossible. If you think that Title VI, on balance, does more good than harm, you're just going to have to accept that some of your tax dollars will go to agitprop for Hamas. If you think that's totally unacceptable, you should favor the total elimination of Title VI from the Higher Education Act, now up for reauthorization. There is no middle ground.Note: Articles listed under "Middle East studies in the News" provide information on current developments concerning Middle East studies on North American campuses. These reports do not necessarily reflect the views of Campus Watch and do not necessarily correspond to Campus Watch's critique.
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