Middle East studies in the News
Radicals Strap Suicide Belt on MESA
by Martin Kramer
The membership of the Middle East Studies Association (MESA) has now passed a resolution taking the organization well down the road to endorsing the academic boycott of Israel. The resolution, which passed by a 561–152 margin, urges "MESA program committees to organize discussions at MESA annual meetings, and the MESA Board of Directors to create opportunities over the course of the year that provide platforms for a sustained discussion of the academic boycott and foster careful consideration of an appropriate position for MESA to assume."
It isn't too difficult to imagine just what sort of campaign the Israel-haters will launch during this "sustained discussion," or where it's likely to lead. And the overwhelming margin in favor of the resolution suggests that this is just where most MESAns want to go.
The vote constitutes a stunning defeat for MESA's old guard. They invested decades in building MESA as the world's preeminent professional organization for Middle Eastern studies, and they did it by maintaining at least a façade of scholarly neutrality. That MESA might blow itself up in a suicidal attempt to inflict some (marginal) political damage on Israel is a danger they repeatedly warned against in the closed online members' forum that preceded the vote.
Consider these examples of arguments made by some of MESA's past presidents. Zachary Lockman (2006–7), professor of history at New York University, is a strong critic of Israel with whom I've had the occasional run-in. He's also signed a letterinsisting that "those who support boycotts ought not to become subject to retaliation, surveillance, or censorship." And he's backed a divestment campaign directed at the firm which manages many university and college retirement funds. Yet Lockman doubted the wisdom of the resolution:
Endorsing an academic boycott, wrote Lockman, "would seem to be inconsistent with MESA's long-standing self-definition" as "nonpolitical" according to its own bylaws. He urged MESA members to step back and ask whether "abandon[ing] the association's historically nonpolitical character" was "worth the potential costs."
Fred Donner (2011–12), professor of Islamic history at the University of Chicago, is another occasional critic of Israel, whom I once took to task for his charge that the Iraq war was a "Likudniks' scheme." He's also personally pledged to boycotting Israeli academe. Yet he described the MESA resolution as "utterly irresponsible," for these four reasons:
Yet another former MESA president, Jere Bacharach (1999–2000), in whose honor MESA has named its service award, argued that the resolution,
These reasoned and pragmatic arguments were of no avail. That's because MESA has been invaded by hundreds of radicals, many from the Middle East, who can't imagine a professional association that isn't thoroughly politicized. In Cairo, Damascus, and Amman, the main function of such associations is to pass resolutions condemning Israel or anyone suspected of "normalizing" relations with it.
The radicals see MESA not as an American association for Middle Eastern studies, but as a Middle Eastern association for influencing America—that is, a kind of auxiliary of the Arab lobby, focused on the Palestinian cause. MESA has always been an arena for advocacy posing as scholarship, in panels and papers. But it's the nature of such advocacy to push the envelope ever further. Those who silently accepted spurious scholarship under the guise of "Palestine studies" now find their own institutional legacy at risk—and there's little they can do about it.
Now that MESA has embarked on a "sustained discussion of the academic boycott of Israel," it's time for others to start a sustained discussion of the boycott of MESA. I've already flagged the areas that deserve deepest exploration. (They're precisely those that have the old guard worried.) Until now, the options have been discussed behind closed doors. Now it's time to begin to talk of them openly, and to do what's necessary to minimize the damage to Israeli academe and maximize the damage to MESA—if and when MESA's members push the button on the suicide belt they've strapped around their collective waist.
If MESA self-destructs, the aftermath will create a huge opportunity to revamp the organized structure of Middle Eastern studies along completely different lines. I've already emphasized the existence of an alternative association of Middle Eastern studies, which is well-positioned to pick up many of the pieces. It's easy to imagine still more initiatives. For MESA's critics, such as myself, its "demise" (Bacharach's word) isn't a catastrophe at all. It's an opportunity. MESA's embrace of BDS will make no perceptible difference to the Middle Eastern equation, but it could shake the foundations of Middle Eastern studies in America.
Years ago, I tried to jolt Middle Eastern studies by writing a critical book, and achieved only limited results. Now MESA is about to inflict far more damage on the organized field than I inflicted. Who would have thought it?Note: Articles listed under "Middle East studies in the News" provide information on current developments concerning Middle East studies on North American campuses. These reports do not necessarily reflect the views of Campus Watch and do not necessarily correspond to Campus Watch's critique.
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